Simrad Halo solid-state open-array radar, what you get

... written for Panbo by Ben Ellison and posted on May 1, 2015

Simrad_Halo_radar_demo_Hawks_Cay_Jan_2015_cPanbo.jpg

This is big. Today Simrad announced the first recreational solid-state open-array radar and it seems to be a humdinger. In January I got to see Halo in action aboard the same Yellowfin 36 seen above in a screen grab of Simrad's informative Halo video, and I've also met twice with members of the engineering team. In fact, there are so many features with so much complex technology behind them that this entry will only attempt to cover what Halo hopes to do for you; next week we'll get into how it works. And yes, this radar does include blue LED accent lighting, if you want it, but that's just the bling...

Simrad_Halo_feature_graphic_aPanbo.jpgThe exuberant graphic seen heading up Simrad's online Halo pages tries to tell a lot of the story. A Halo user will purportedly be able to see weather cells, bird activity (fishing potential), and large-but-distant solid objects as though they were running a 6 kW magnetron radar with a 3-, 4-, or 6-foot antenna. But at the same time they'll be able to image close range objects with the high resolution that distinguishes Navico's 3G/4G radomes, which remain the only small recreational solid-state radars available. Moreover, Halo offers most all of the added features seen in 3G/4G like fast start-up, low power draw, safe emission levels, extraordinary dual range capabilities, and long product life (at least theoretically). And adjustable blue LED lighting!

Simrad_Halo_range_diagram_aPanbo.jpgThe diagram above shows Halo's huge range claims. I can't attest to the nearly 64 miles for the Halo-4 -- the low Florida keys in fair weather didn't lend themselves to that sort of targeting -- but the screenshots you'll find online look good. And I can tell you that Simrad has already lowered the near range to 20 feet, very similar to 4G and nicely shown in the video. Plus, I saw a dramatic example of that performance myself.

Simrad_Halo_radar_dual_range_demo_Hawks_Cay_Jan_2015_cPanbo.jpgThis photo shows Halo dual range on an NSO evo2 19 aboard the Yellowfin. The left side is set to the 400 foot range and we've just threaded the beacons marking the short channel into Duck Key (home of the up-named Hawk's Cay resort ;-). You can see the beacons, the boat's low speed wake, and a few low rocks port and starboard. Ahead and slightly to port is rocky clump and about 20 degrees off the starboard bow is another boat coming out of the resort's channel. But those targets in between the clump and boat are swimming pelicans, sometimes just showing their butts, and the Halo continued to hold them even when we were about 20 feet away. I failed to get that photo, but it may be because I was so amazed to see an open-array radar do that. It was also nice to see the handsome and fully tricked out Grand Banks Shanti I met in Baltimore on AIS at the 4 mile range (discussion of very similar 4G dual range here).

Simrad_Halo_size_range_aPanbo.jpgAnother feature I got to experience in the Keys was how quiet Halo is. I've heard and felt radars spin on all sorts of boats, and normally an open-array on a t-top like the Yellowfin would be the worse, but "whisper quiet" did not seem an exaggeration. Simrad attributes this to a brushless motor, grease sealed bearings, and radial cut composite gears "like a BMW tranny." The highly engineered moving parts are also supposed to match the 10,000 hour lifetime of the solid-state internal electronics, though that will take a while to confirm. And note the "Beam Sharpening" specifications.

Simrad_Halo_beam_sharpening_aPanbo.jpgBeam Sharpening is another 4G signal processing feature I've appreciated in testing, and the screenshot collage above illustrates it pretty well. Observe, though, that while it can really help to separate close-together targets, it also tends to break up big solid targets. Note also that while 4G offers many of its features on the original NSS displays, Halo is NSS evo2 only. It may not become a Lowrance or B&G product either, as neither of their target markets are big users of open-array radars.

Simrad_Halo_RI-12_interface_box_aPanbo.jpgMany users may never see the Halo's RI-12 interface box, but they may appreciate its engineering. It can use either 12 or 24 volt power (just 6.5W in Instant On standby mode), which it then converts to 36v so that the cable to the actual radar is only that relatively thin white one. Halo also has quick and accurate antenna parking which can be locked down with very low current (10 milliamps, I'm told). In January the Simrad team thought that the radar's "safe distance" would be just a few feet, but recent testing proved it's "radiation safe to people within the swing circle of the array on all models."

Simrad_Halo_user_modes_aPanbo.jpgSimrad also spent a lot of time on making Halo easy to use, and they're still working on it. While there is a Custom mode in which you can tweak most any parameter, the slide above shows four (somewhat adjustable) automatic modes and three more coming in the first software update. The SaRT mode is especially interesting as one con of the 3G/4G solid-state radars is that they can't see RACONS and radar SARTs properly. Simrad says they've figured out a way, but don't expect it to meet IMO requirements. Incidentally, Halo rotation speed can vary up to 48 rpm, and the Bird mode takes it down to 16 in order to "maximize energy on target."

Simrad_Halo_radar_rain_cells_in_24m_range_aPanbo.jpgIt's fascinating how Halo manages to get as much energy on target at long ranges as it does, given its 25W maximum transmission power, but that will be detailed in the next entry. I'll leave you with a compelling screen of those 25 watts imaging Chesapeake Bay weather in 24nm range, plus a last shot from the Florida demos. Never mind that Simrad pro Mark Maus is head down at the helm (he's never hit anything that I know of). What I like is the grin on Lindsay Lilburn, a Halo engineer from New Zealand (where they're being built). Apparently, years of development and thousands of testing hours went into this revolutionary radar, and I believe the team deserves a relaxed moment before they get back to work making it even better. Halo is not only impressive as is, but it has room to grow, as will be discussed in part 2.

Simrad_Halo_demo_Mark_cPanbo.jpg

Comments

My colleague Jason Wood also got the Halo demo at Hawk's Cay, his take here:

http://www.powerandmotoryacht.com/electronics/solid-state_radar_technology

Posted by: Ben at May 1, 2015 12:15 PM | Reply

"RI-12 universal Radar Interface Box". Almost universal. I was wondering if it replaces the RI-10 used by existing Broadband scanners. It does use the same 9 mm scanner cable and 14-pin connector and the pin out looks the same (not sure about pin 3). The existing domes are supposed to be fed 12-24 V, not 36 V, so close but probably not, or not yet.

Posted by: norse at May 2, 2015 12:51 AM | Reply

You can plug a 3G or 4G radar into the RI-12 -it will work but Marpa will not.

Halo will not replace the RI-10 due to cost. The RI-12 has to supply much higher peak power under high wind conditions.

Posted by: Anonymous in reply to norse at May 2, 2015 5:32 AM | Reply

A very interesting development.
One question, though, since it claims dual range capability and is only supported by NSS evo2 and NSO evo2:
On page 19 of the "NSO-II Marine Processor Installation Manual" it still says "NSO-II only support one radar on the network."
AFAIK, because of the way Simrad has implemented dual range, "dual range" and "dual radar" are identical in terms of support by an MFD.
I would expect a software update for NSO evo2. Is one forthcoming or is my conclusion incorrect?

An on a personal note, should it turn out that Halo is really not supported by B&G, this is one more reason to stick with Simrad even on a sailboat. I have, for example, seen a number of 45+ ft. Hallberg Rassys with open array radars (from Furuno).

And keeping in mind that NSS evo2's support of dual range also means dual radar, I will compare it against a combination of a (Simrad) pulse radar, radome or open array, combined with a BR4G. One advantage of such a setup is that the radars can be mounted at their optimum heights, the pulse radar above the first spreader and the 4G just above deck level. In my experience with a pulse radar that couldn't see the banks of the Kiel Canal as it was mounted too high and a 4G that could only see a container ship at 4nm as it was mounted too low (in rough seas), I consider this an important aspect of the ideal near-and-far radar.

Posted by: Henning at May 3, 2015 11:11 AM | Reply

NSO evo2 is capable of doing dual range and dual radar currently (Halo and 4G together is no problem). Only the original NSS had the single radar limitation.

Posted by: Anonymous in reply to Henning at May 3, 2015 4:59 PM | Reply

I have a 48ft flybridge motorboat and would love to fit one of these radars (minus the blue light!!) on my radar arch to go with my NSS Evo12s. Unfortunately they seem very heavy with the pedestal weighing in at 41.3lbs and the aerials another 9-14lbs. This results in a weight of over 50lbs high up in the boat for which I have reservations. Lightweight pedestal required.

Posted by: Anonymous in reply to Anonymous at May 4, 2015 3:01 AM | Reply

Interesting! I can't find any evidence that Halo is heavier than other open-array radars; in fact, it's somewhat lighter. But then again the Halo antennas are longer tip-to-tip (i.e. including end caps). Here's what I got for 4-foot models (errors possible):

Simrad Halo-4: 52.3 lb, 56.3"
Furuno DRS6A: 55.1 lb, 49.4"
Raymarine 1048SHD: 57.3 lb, 52"
Garmin 424 XHD2: 59.3 lb, 52"

Posted by: Ben in reply to Anonymous at May 4, 2015 6:45 AM | Reply

Really looking forward to your "how it works" discussion. Is this new Simrad radar really able to paint very long range targets with 25W as well as a conventional Furuno 25kW recreational open array can do having a 1000 times more output power?

I thought the main benefit for military and commercial solid state radars is the much longer service life and reduced replacement costs. That matters a lot if you run your radar nearly 24/7 and can rack up 8,000+ hours per year but doesn't mean much to a recreational user with 100 hours per year.

Posted by: Quitsa at May 4, 2015 7:23 AM | Reply

Nice! Edson is already out with mounting plates for putting Halo easily on hard tops or integrating one with their Vision Series multi-antenna systems:

http://www.edsonmarine.com/media/PDFs/NR484-Edson_Halo_Mounts.pdf

Posted by: Ben at May 4, 2015 12:21 PM | Reply

Hi Henning,
please note a newer revision of the Simrad NSOevo2 manual is available on the website. You are referring to text in an outdated version.

Posted by: Anonymous in reply to Henning at May 5, 2015 6:14 PM | Reply

Nice again! PYI SeaView also has a variety of Halo mount options ready...

http://pyi.cmail2.com/t/ViewEmail/r/06CC999DD6FF0B912540EF23F30FEDED

...as well as a dedicated Simrad catalog:

http://www.seaviewglobal.com/system/attachments/Simrad_Catalog_ver1.pdf

Posted by: Ben at May 7, 2015 2:18 PM | Reply

Cool! Definitive word on B&G Zeus2 working w Halo radar: "Navico is currently 100% focused on Halo working with Simrad systems. We are testing with our Zeus2 black box and once validated we plan to approve Halo as a networked performance module for B&G certified systems. Nevertheless, it will always be a Simrad Halo radar and not sold under B&G brand. For the sailing customers lucky enough to be able to fit an array, Simrad Halo will plug & play with its sister brand. This is in line with how we currently support open magnetron arrays."

Posted by: Ben at May 11, 2015 10:37 AM | Reply

Simrad NSS evo2 3.0 update is out with support for Halo radar, many new features for Jeppesen C-Map MAX-N+ 2015 charts, and more, plus many bug fixes:

http://www.simrad-yachting.com/en-US/Support/Downloads/NSS-evo-2/

Posted by: Ben at August 4, 2015 1:39 PM | Reply

Any updated info on Zeus2 compatibility?

Also, I'm wondering, if NSS evo2 is required, would I be able to share my charts from the Zeus2 with the NSS?

Posted by: Bob Muir at December 18, 2015 3:04 PM | Reply

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